Food Safety and Food Handlers
State Requirements
State Requirements

ALABAMA
Certification Renewal -- Every 5 years. Voluntary for Managers and Foodhandlers. Contact your individual county for more information.

ALASKA
Certification Renewal -- Every 3 years
Voluntary with local requirements. To qualify for Alaska’s Food Establishment Recognition Program, restaurants must have 1 certified food manager present during each shift. Food service facilities with a “documented inability to maintain safe and sanitary food handling practices” must have a certified manager present during each shift.

ARKANSAS
Voluntary for Managers and Food handlers

ARIZONA
Voluntary with local requirements. In  2001, Arizona adopted the 1999 Model Food Code, which requires that a person in charge at a restaurant must be able to demonstrate knowledge of food borne illness protection. Passing an accredited food safety manager certification course is one way to meet this requirement

CALIFORNIA
Certification Renewal -- Every 3 years. Each food facility shall have an owner or an employee who has successfully passed an approved  accredited food safety certification examination. (CA Health & Safety Code Sec. 113700-113733) The certified owner or employee need not be present at the food facility during all hours of operation.” Individual county regulations may be different. Please contact your county for more information.
State Requirements:
This food handler training course covers all topics discussed in California Senate Bill 602 and chaptered as section 113948 in the California Health and Safety Code.
For more information, please review the Position Paper on the California Conference of Directors of Environmental Health (CCDEH) website:


COLORADO
Certification Renewal -- Every 5 years. Voluntary  Check with your local health department for more information. The state food regulations state that restaurant employees must be able to demonstrate knowledge of foodborne disease prevention upon the request of a health inspector.

CONNECTICUT
Certification Renewal -- Certification is permanentEach Class III or IV establishment (or places cooking or handling potentially hazardous foods) must appoint a qualified food operator who is in a supervisory position.

FLORIDA
There are no present requirements for this industry.

GEORGIA
Certification Renewal -- Every 5 years. Voluntary statewide.

HAWAII
Voluntary statewide.
Certification Renewal -- Certification is permanent; however, the Health Department strongly recommends recertification every 3 to 5 yrs.

IDAHO
Certification Renewal -- Every 5 years. Some district health departments require renewal every 3 years. Each food establishment shall have at least 1 employee in a supervisory position who is trained in food safety & sanitation and shall have food workers who are trained in food safety & sanitation which is commensurate to each food worker's responsibilities.

ILLINOIS
The certificate is valid for five years unless revoked under Section 750.560 of the IDPH Food Service Sanitation Code. Complete an approved 15 hr Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) Food Service Sanitation Manager Certification (FSSMC) Training; successful completion of an IDPH approved Food Service Sanitation Manager Certification exam with a final score of 75% or higher; and payment to IDPH of a $35 certificate fee.


INDIANA
Certification Renewal -- Every 5 years
Voluntary -- check your local jurisdiction for additional requirements. The Indiana food code requires each retail food establishment to provide foodborne illness prevention training to at least one employee who has a primary oversight responsibility for food safety at the establishment. (410 IAC 7-20)

IOWA
Certification Renewal -- No specific renewal
Voluntary at the state level.

KANSAS
Certification Renewal -- Every 3 years
See your local jurisdiction for more details. A knowledgeable person in charge must be on the premises at all times when the establishment is operating. (1999 Food Code). The person in charge may demonstrate knowledge by passing a test that is part of an accredited or approved program.

KENTUCKY
Voluntary w/ local requirements. See your local jurisdiction for details.

MARYLAND
Certification Renewal -- Every 3 years
Voluntary. Local jurisdictions may have more requirements.

MASSACHUSETTS
Mandatory manager certification. Effective October, 2001, every food service establishment must have at least 1 full-time employee who is at least 18 yrs of age and who has passed a food safety exam which is recognized by the Deptartment of Public Health. ('99 FDA Food Code with modifications). Local jurisdictions have the authority to exceed the state's minimum requirements. (105 CMR 590.000)

MICHIGAN
Certification Renewal -- Every 3 years for state certification. Recertification by passing a food safety certification exam or by taking an approved food safety training course.
Voluntary on a state level. A knowledgeable person in charge must be on the premises during all operating hrs. The person in charge may demonstrate knowledge by passing a test that is part of an accredited program ('99 Food Code). The MI Deptartment of Agriculture may require individuals to complete food safety training when there are repeated failures to correct a critical violation. Local jurisdictions may adopt food handler and manager certification programs if they do not conflict with Michigan state law, but they must accept the State certification.

MINNESOTA 
Must attend a food manager course.  The Online National Environmental Health Association (NEHA) Food Safety Management Principles Certification Training course satisfies this manager certificate requirement.  Minnesota Dept of Health does NOT offer courses. Obtain proof of having attended a food manager course.  Upon completion of the Online NEHA course, there is a printable certificate that is proof of attendance.
Testing -- Take one of the State recognized food manager exams...
The Food Protection Certification Examination of National Registry
The Certified Professional Food Managers Examination of Thomson Prometric
The ServeSafe Examination of the National Restaurant Association Educational Foundation
The exam must have been taken within the last 3 years before applying for a Food Manager Certificate -- Obtain proof of having successfully completed the exam.

MISSISSIPPI
Certification Renewal -- Every 5 yrs
A full-time certified food manager must be employed by each food service establishment.

MISSOURI
Certification Renewal -- Every 5 yrs
Voluntary at the state level. Local health departments may mandate certification. The Missouri Food Code requires that a person in charge be present during all hours of operation. The person in charge at a restaurant must be able to demonstrate knowledge of food safety issues. Passing a food safety manager certification examination is one way to meet the demonstration of knowledge requirement. ('99 FDA Food Code, Missouri 20 CSR 1.025)

MONTANA
Certification Renewal -- Every 3 years
Voluntary at the state level.

NEBRASKA
Certification Renewal -- Every 3 years
Voluntary at the state level. Local health departments may mandate certification. The Nebraska Food Code requires that a person in charge be present during all hours of operation.  Passing a food safety manager certification examination is one way to meet the demonstration of knowledge requirement. The person in charge at a restaurant must be able to demonstrate knowledge of foodborne illness protection.

NEVADA
Certification Renewal -- Every 3 years
Voluntary at state level with local requirements. The Nevada Food Code requires that at a person in charge be present during all hours of operation. The person in charge must be able to demonstrate knowledge of food protection and sanitation.

NEW HAMPSHIRE
Certification Renewal -- Every 5years
Mandatory. One manager must be certified by May 21, 2004.

NEW JERSEY
There are no present requirements for this industry.

NEW YORK
Voluntary at the state level. Local jurisdictions may mandate certification.

NORTH CAROLINA
There are no present requirements for this industry.

NORTH DAKOTA
Voluntary statewide.

OHIO
Voluntary statewide.
Certification Renewal -- Certification is permanent

OKLAHOMA
Voluntary at the state level. See your local jurisdiction for more details.
Certification Renewal -- Every 3 years

OREGON
Certification Renewal -- Every 3 years

PENNSYLVANIA
Certification Renewal -- Every 5 years. Recertification is based on the completion of a training course (no exam required).
Effective July , 2004, food establishments must have 1certified supervisory employee per establishment. The certified manager does not need to be present during all hours of business.

RHODE ISLAND
There are no present requirements for this industry.

SOUTH CAROLINA
Voluntary statewide.

SOUTH DAKOTA
Certification Renewal -- Every 4 years
Mandatory food manager certification.

TENNESSEE
Voluntary statewide.
Certification Renewal -- Every 5 years

TEXAS
As per the Texas Food Establisment Rules §229.163, the person in charge shall demonstrate food safety knowledge by being a certified food protection managaer who has shown profiency of required information through passing a test that is part of an accreditated program. Certificate is valid for 5 years.

UTAH
Each establishment must be managed by at least one full-time certified food safety manager.
Certification Renewal -- Every 3 years

VIRGINIA
No state requirements. Contact your local jurisdiction for more information.

WEST VIRGINIA
Certification Renewal -- Every 5 years
Voluntary at the state level. Local health departments may mandate certification. The West Virginia Food Code requires that a person in charge be present during all hours of operation. Passing a food safety manager certification exam is one way to meet the demonstration of knowledge requirement. ('99 FDA Food Code) The person in charge at a restaurant must be able to demonstrate knowledge of foodborne disease prevention and HACCP.

WISCONSIN
Certification Renewal -- Every 5 years - must take a state-approved recertification course.
Each establishment must have at least 1 certified food service manager who has passed an approved exam.

WYOMING
Certification Renewal -- Every 5 years
Each establishment permittee must obtain a Foodhandler license.

WASHINGTON
Certification Renewal -- Initial cards are valid for 2 years. Renewal cards are valid for 3 yrs. A food worker who has obtained additional training within the past two years may apply for a 5 year renewal card.
All food service workers must obtain a food worker card within 14 (calendar) days from the beginning of employment at a food service establishment. A “’Food service worker’ means an individual who works with or without pay in a food service establishment and handles unwrapped/unpackaged food or who may contribute to the transmission of infectious diseases through the nature of his or her contact with food products and/or equipment and facilities.”